Nurse Practitioners have completed extensive medical education and training and can provide any care a primary care physician can (excluding prescribing Level 2 narcotics). Nurse Practitioners hold national board certification in an area of specialty and are licensed or certified through the state nursing boards rather than medical boards. Our nurse practitioners focus on individualized holistic care of our patients as well as the effects of illness on the lives of the patients and their families. NPs make prevention, wellness, and patient education priorities. Another focus is educating patients about their health and encouraging them to make healthy choices. In addition to health care services, NPs often conduct research and are active in patient advocacy activities. Nurse Practitioners treat both physical and mental conditions through comprehensive history taking, physical exams, ordering and interpreting diagnostic tests and are then able to determine the diagnosis and provide appropriate treatment plan for the patients, including prescribing medications. NPs can also serve as a patient's primary health care provider and see patients of all ages depending on their specialty. In the United States, nurse practitioners have a national board certification. Nurse Practitioners can be educated and nationally certified in areas of Family Health (FNP), Pediatrics, including Pediatric Acute/Chronic Care, Pediatric Critical Care, Pediatric Oncology and general Pediatrics (PNP), Neonatology (NNP), Gerontology (GNP), Women's Health (WHNP), Psychiatry & Mental Health (PMHNP), Acute Care (ACNP), Adult Health (ANP), Oncology (FNP, ACNP, ANP, PNP or ANP) Emergency (as FNP or ACNP), Occupational Health (as ANP or FNP), etc. In Canada, NPs are licensed by the province or territory in which they practice.